screenshots via Apple
If you’re an experienced computer user, you probably remember explaining to newbies how a desktop computer worked: your photos should go in this folder; your documents in that one. You will need to use this application to open that image; that application to open this document.
It was all pretty confusing, to say the least. that is, until Apple’s mobile interface came along.
In 2010, when the iPhone interface began winning its legions of converts, it was apparent to me that the mobile operating system Apple had developed was a much more intuitive and simple experience than the desktop model which had existed for decades before it.
At the time, I wrote a post that asked, “Why Can’t PCs Work More like iPhones?” in the piece, I noted that decades earlier computer-makers had dumped the command-line interface, which was incomprehensible to people without pocket-protectors, and replaced it with visual icons for files, folders and applications.
Yet that interface, which was called “windows, icons, menus, pointer,” or WIMP, didn’t seem to work either. What has worked is an intuitive experience called iOS. Tiny children could use an iPad. Centenarians could do it too. Even cats pawed it effectively, for cats.
Since Apple began seeing how easy it was for people to understand mobile, the company started adding new layers to the Mac desktop that borrowed cues from iOS. Within iOS, for example, you don’t need to know where your photos are stored, they simply show up in your photo applications. this is possible on the Mac, too.
Each time Apple announces updates to OSX, it borrows more functions from iOS.
This week was no exception. Dictation on the Mac, the ability to send Twitter messages directly from the desktop, the iconography of apps, notifications and messaging, are all appropriated from Apple iOS.
Microsoft is doing the same thing, too. the company’s Windows 8 interface, is a replica of the Windows Phone 7 system with beautifully designed square blocks that are much easier to navigate than the “Start” menu. Microsoft has also applied this design to the Xbox interface which is now in tens of millions of homes.
Eventually our desktops, smartphones, tablets and televisions, will all look relatively indistinguishable from their much younger mobile cousins. and just like of the erosion of the command-line input on early computers was a good thing. the death of the desktop operating system will be too.
This week, we just heard about what new features will be coming to Apple’s iOS 6 this year. some of the things like Facebook integration are catching up to Windows Phone, while other features like Apple’s speech UI are extending their lead. So what are you expecting Microsoft’s response to this to be come June 20th in San Francisco when Microsoft is expected to announce Windows Phone 8?
WPCentral suggests that there will be a few big new features in Windows Phone 8 that will compete with Apple’s announcement. for example, Nokia will bring its mapping data to Windows Phone as an integrated part of the operating system as opposed to just a separate app like on Windows Phone 7. We’ll also see Nokia’s 3D map data coming to Windows Phone with GPS navigation support for hopefully a fully-integrated solution. Right now, it’s difficult to set a search result from Bing or Local Scout as a destination in Nokia Drive or any other GPS Navigation software. 3D is cool and all, but what would be really useful for the Windows Phone 8 Maps app is a layers API kind of like what Bing Maps on the desktop already has. that would allow multiple third party applications to layer data on the same map at the same time without the need to launch separate apps in order to see related location data.
Another area where Windows Phone really needs to step up is the speech UI. Back in 2003, Microsoft was way ahead of the game with Voice Command on Windows Mobile. now that Siri has become so popular for Apple users, it’s time to bring that kind of innovation back from the dead and get the integrated speech UI working throughout. Windows Phone is still missing speech UI hooks for controlling music and GPS navigation, not to mention interacting with calendar appointments. my main wish is for Microsoft’s Speech UI to offer API’s that can extend it to 3rd party applications. That’s what will really improve the usefulness of a centralized Speech UI in a smartphone and we’ve been waiting for that kind of thing since 2003.
We’re all expecting Skype to be an integrated part of Windows Phone 8 as well, but WPCentral suggests that VoIP in general will be supported so that any kind of VoIP provider will be able to plug into Windows Phone 8 for easy access from your contacts (in addition to Skype). The old Windows Mobile used to have a feature like this that made VoIP fully integrated with the phone dialer and contacts listing, but very few people knew about it. You used to be able to use Vonage with Windows Mobile even! It’s exciting to think that this feature might be coming back to Windows Phone in what sounds like a much more flexible and extendable manner. perhaps it will be possible for 3rd party developers to creating interfaces for other video calling services like Google Chat and, dare I say… Facetime? (Just kidding, Apple would never allow that.)
I would love to see a lot of the little things resolved as well. things like syncing draft emails and reply/forward status to IMAP & Exchange 2003 servers, a better “Notifications” collection area perhaps in the Me tile, more support for integrated Facebook features like tagging people in check-ins, etc. A plug-in for Google+ on Windows Live Social that syncs with Windows Phone 8′s “What’s New” tabs could be nice.
While there were some rumors that Apple would introduce a better way for 3rd party apps to integrate and communicate with each other, you’ll most likely see this kind of thing come to Windows Phone 8. Remember that Windows 8 already has API’s for apps to integrate with each other. A photo editor app can load images from SkyDrive or any other photo sharing app that uses the APIs. A blogging app like WordPress can share articles with Facebook, Twitter, and any other app that supports the share charm. We’ve already seen some great app-to-app communications in Windows Phone 7, so it seems logical that Microsoft would improve upon that concept of a fully integrated and extendable environment.
Don’t forget all of the Windows Phone 8 details we heard about in February either. we can expect to hear about multi-core processor support, multiple screen resolutions, and integrated NFC support.
So what do you think? will the Windows Phone 8 announcement next week top Apple’s iOS 6 announcement? What other features are you hoping to hear about?
Many computer users are worried about their computer’s performance. After spending lot of bucks, still they cannot have that charm of using PC as they had expected. Here I am going to explain some major tricks which are used by many computer users which help them to take efficient use of their CPU.
These tips could be of little importance for people who are already using processors with speed more than 2400 MHz but people using computer with less speed and little older mother boards and processors will enjoy these tips. They will realize significant increase in their computer’s performance.
Here are these tips:
1. Operating system choice:
You will be amazed to know that your choice of choosing right windows or operating system could play a significant role on your CPU’s performance. For example if you are given 5 bricks to carry them to next apartment and then 10 bricks to do same. Think how would be your performance if compared with both situations. Obviously you would perform well when carrying only 5 bricks.
Same is the case with Microsoft windows. The lighter the windows you have, higher the performance will be shown. now this does not mean that you should install Windows 95. Here is the order of Windows weight: Windows XP (any addition) > Windows 2000 > Windows Me > Windows 98 (the lightest one). so if you have Pentium 4 with good ram then I would recommend you to use Microsoft Windows XP. People using Pentium 3 computers could use windows 2000 or if they have ram more than 256 MB then they can use windows XP too. All other lower speed users should use windows ME or 98.
You would have to compromise between speed and quality. You can decide now which operating system you should use now.
Before starting this topic I would like to give you a simple example. Suppose in one case if 100 items are placed in a house having only 2 rooms and you are required to find item no. 89, from second room. You will have to scroll through 50 items in room two to find item 89. In other case if same 100 items are placed in house having 4 rooms and you are required to find item 89 from room 2 then you would have to scroll through only 25 items present in that room and you would spend less time.
Same is the case here for partitions. If you are having more number of partitions, it would help your windows more to find required data easily from your hard disk, when you run any file or program. I would advice you to have more partitions each having at least 5 GB memory and maximum 20 GB.
You should be very careful while partitioning your hard drive and believe me many people make mistakes when they partition hard disk and lose all of their important data. Here is a free resource Windows Setup Installation Guide that can help you to learn about partitioning, formatting hard disks and installing windows.
3. Defragment your Hard disks:
Your partitions become more fragmented when you create or delete folders, save new files, delete or move them and they become scattered on you hard drive and as time passes, windows become slower and slower due to time needed by the system to find required file on hard disk. You can learn more about why volumes become fragmented by using Disk Defragmenter Help.
My main point is that your computer becomes lazy with time. I am sure many of you have observed that after installing windows, computer become slower gradually with time. so I would strongly recommend you that you use Disk Defragmenter regularly, at least a week. I know it is quite boring process but while taking bath, lunch start it. Believe me you will feel the difference later.
4. Frequency of Changing Windows:
I would like you to compare the difference between speeds of your computer when you freshly installed windows and now. I know your answer Obviously now you will be feeling your PC lazier than before.
This is all due to many factors such as file fragmentation; increasing of windows registry size, increase in number of files and folders in your primary partition and also because of some viruses and spy wares.
I would strongly suggest you that you should reinstall windows after formatting your primary partition at least every 3 months. that will keep your computer always efficient. Many people think that formatting hard drive is not good. that is almost a wrong illusion. Formatting your partition every 3 months and installing fresh copy of windows will considerably increase your computer’s performance. Same website Windows Installation Guide could help you regarding this matter.
5. my last tip:
Finally do not save junk, programs, movies, games and almost anything you can on your windows partition that is usually C: and believe me your computer would show optimal performance for longer time and provide fewer errors.
It is better you make your my Documents folder in other drive than C: as well as make also Program Files folder so install everything like Microsoft office e.t.c there not in windows installation drive. do it and feel the difference.
Always check for your programs which automatically run at startup and use your computer’s significant resources. Try to disable them carefully and feel the change in performance. Here is a way to check which programs and processes start automatically when windows starts.
Go to START->Run then type MSCONFIG then you can see which your memory consuming programs are.
If you do not want to do anything above and want shorter way with shorter improvements then create new user account and delete previous one. You will observer a slighter change and this also removes many errors if present in windows.
If you cannot even do this then why you wasted your time by reading this article and do something else
I have tried my best to show all possible ways that could help you all to improve your computer performance.
An operating system can be considered as the base of any device that you can interact with. It may be your laptop/personal computer on which you are reading this or may be your personal phone, iPhone or any personal, commercial or home based device that you have and use it in your daily life. now, let us know more about what it is and how it works.
It is basically a software component, which acts as an interface between the hardware device like the computer/laptop and you. The operating systems can be broadly classified into four types depending on the applications supported by them and the type of computer systems they control. They are: Real Time OS, Single User-Multi-tasking, Single-user-single task, and Multi-user.
This operating system component of your computer enables you to have a quick and easy interaction with the hardware. since, the hardware cannot understand the English language there must be something to make it interactive and this is exactly what an OS does and that too very efficiently. It only understands the binary language, but at a faster rate. You will be able to do your entire personal or impersonal tasks with the help of the operating system. It is usually different for different types of hardware and they are as mentioned below:
Operating systems for mobile / handheld devices
As you know, an operating system is necessary for any device to run and the functionality of them depends upon the device for which they are developed by the group of developers. A mobile that works for all the mobile devices is called mobile OS (operating system). Various mobile hardware manufacturers have developed their own OS for their mobile phones.
Various corporations present a number of handheld devices for the users. All of them have their OS developed by themselves. Similarly, all other companies that offering their own handheld devices or mobile phones configure their devices in such a way that no other company’s OS could work with them. Today, the mobile OS have become capable of computation equal to the personal computers.
Operating system for computers / laptops
Operating system is also developed and used differently with all types of the non-moving computing devices. They are developed basically in following the base platforms or in simple language can be understood as the categories. First one is under Linux platform and the second is UNIX and the third one is windows environment or windows platform. Linux has been developed by various freelancers and hence, it comes under open source and free software development and distribution scheme.
Windows OS is new and the first OS to support graphical user interface. It was initially launched in DOS (disk OS ) environment to work with commands only. It has also some versions to act as server called windows server. Nowadays, most of the things are on mobile environment that is why, the new windows operating system is developed to be compatible with both mobile as well as personal handheld devices.
Peripherals and system parts are a collection of electronics that work together in order to perform a specific task. The program that every computer uses to control and manage all these parts is called the operating system (OS).
For example, a user that wants to write a document and print it out on a network printer needs an application like Microsoft Word to accomplish this job. Microsoft Word works with the OS in order to accomplish all the word processing tasks. The operating system controls all the input and output functions. All the personal computers, the servers and the handheld devices require an OS in order to function.
The operating system works like an interpreter between software applications and the hardware. an individual interacts with the computer hardware through an application, like Microsoft Excel, Adobe Photoshop, etc. Software applications are made for a particular purpose. On the other hand the OS is responsible for the communication between the software application and the computer’s hardware.
When a PC is powered on it loads the operating system from the hard disk into RAM. The part of the operating system that interacts directly with the hardware is called kernel. The part of the operating system that it is visible to the user is called shell. The user can use the shell from the command line interface (CLI) or from the graphical user interface (GUI).
The user that uses the CLI interacts directly with the OS in a text-based environment by typing commands at a command prompt. The computer executes the command and provides textual output. The user can also use the GUI and control the computer from an environment that uses graphical images, multimedia, as well as text. This is more user-friendly and requires less knowledge than CLI. therefore, most users work with GUI environments. Microsoft Windows and Linux operating systems offer both GUI and CLI.
All the modern operating systems allow the user to multitask. The OS keeps track of which resources are used by which software program.
In order to work with devices that are not directly attached to the PC, a special software application must be installed that allows a device to send and receive data from the net. This is called redirector and usually it is an integral part of the OS but sometimes you need to install it separately as a network client. After you install it, the OS becomes a network OS (NOS).
A network operating system includes complex scheduling and user management software that allows a hardware device to share network resources between several users and treat network devices like all the directly attached devices.
Computer users often go about using their computer without even knowing what operating system they are using. there are so many choices when it comes to operating systems; we really need to be clear about what is on our computer. it is only when they require this information in order to download or buy the right software for their computer.
For example you might want to download something from the Microsoft Windows website and you will need to know which operating system is on your computer to download the correct software. You might have Windows XP, Windows Vista, or even Windows 7. all of these versions of Windows have at least three versions of each. This means that you might have Windows XP home, or Windows XP professional, and so on.
This is the first step to finding out which version of Windows you have:
These instructions will apply for any of the versions of Windows mentioned above.
1. go to the start menu and click on it to open. in Windows XP the start menu actually says start on it. in Windows Vista and Windows 7 it is simply a small icon in the left hand bottom corner of your screen.
2. Look for my computer or computer (if you are using Windows Vista and Windows 7). yes in Windows XP it used to be called My computer.
3. Right click on computer or my computer and a menu will appear.
4. Scroll down and choose properties from the menu.
5. This will bring up the system properties box.
What will you see in system properties?
Now you will be able to see what operating system your computer is running, if you have a 32-bit or a 64-bit operating system, how much RAM your computer has, and so on. This will give you a wealth of information. it is very important that you know these details and are aware of them when you are downloading or buying software.
In Windows XP you can simply browse through the tabs in the systems copies box to see more information. If you are using Windows Vista or Windows 7 you need to press on advanced Systems settings to see more details.
If you do not know what operating system your computer is running, you run the risk of getting the wrong software for your computer. For your computer to run smoothly, you need to install software that is compatible for your operating system. there is absolutely no point installing a program on a Windows XP computer when the software was developed for a Windows 7 computer.
Now there is no excuse for not knowing what operating system your computer is running
Virtual Desktop Hosting – an integrated custom built, secured, centrally managed platform that allows you an easy access to your computer applications anywhere, anytime, making you feel at home.
How Virtual Desktop Hosting works –
- Using the login, simply access your operating system and data housed in the data center remotely.
- Using virtual desktop hosting application you can connect to your virtual server from a small terminal, PC, laptop, thin client or mobile at your location over an Internet Connection and gain access to your business applications, data files, emails and more
All of the software licensing, system maintenance, backups is handled by the hosting company; thus, never have to purchase network equipments, license or upgrades again.
The operating system kernel of Linux in known as Linux kernel. Linux kernel was designed and developed by Linus Torvalds in 1991. Since then its popularity soared considerably. As per a survey conducted in June, 2010 Linux market share is 4.8%. The market share increased by 0.3% since May, 2010, which indicates that popularity of Linux is still growing.
Free and Open Source Software
Linux is one of the finest examples of free and open source software collaboration. Free and open source software is a software which is munificently licensed to grant the right of users to use, study, change, and improve its design through the availability of its source code. all the underlying source code of Linux could be used, changed and redistributed, for both business and non-business purposes, under the GNU General Public License.
Linux belongs to the Unix family. much of its basic design has been derived from Unix design principles. Linux uses a monolithic kernel, called Linux kernel. Linux kernel handles networking, process control, peripheral and file access. Generally, Device drivers are integrated with kernel straightaway. Another option is to add device driver as modules while the system is running. The system’s higher level functionality id provided by separate projects which are interfaced with kernel. The graphical user interface has been designed on the model of X Windows system.
User Interface of Linux
Linux provides both command line interface and graphical user interface to its users. The default mode for desktops is graphical user interface. Command line interface is used by most of the low level Linux components. Command line interface is suitable for automating the repetitive tasks because it provides very simple inter process communication. The command line interface from the Linux desktop could be accessed through a graphical terminal emulator. KDE plasma desktop, GNOME and Xfce are the most popular user interfaces among the desktop systems. many favorite user interfaces have been designed based on X Windows Systems.
Programming On Linux
Linux supports most of the programming languages. GNU tool-chain contains most of the utilities including GNU Compiler Collection and GNU Build systems. GNU Compiler Collection consists of Ada, C, C++, Java and FORTRAN compilers. Apart from that Linux supports Intel C++, IBM XL C/C++, Sun studio compilers. among dynamic languages, Perl, Python, PHP and Ruby are supported by Linux.
Linux is not only used for desktops and servers, but also for computer architecture support, real time applications, embedded systems, etc. Linux is one of the most widely ported operating system kernels. Linux kernel can run on a wide range of computer architectures including ARM based iPAQ, IBM mainframe systems Z9 and Z10, etc. some specialized Linux distributions have been designed to run on less popular mainstream architectures. ELKS kernel fork has been developed to run on 16 bit architecture of Intel x86 processors. Linux kernel could also be configured to run on Apple Macintosh Computers based on Power PC and Intel processors, portable music players, video game consoles and smart phones. PC support for Linux machines is widely available nowadays in case a Linux machine starts malfunctioning. Apart for PC and small device applications, Linux distributions are also used as server operating systems. Use of Linux has been increasing on Mainframes due to economic factors and availability of remote support.
The well-loved Microsoft Windows XP SP3 will soon bid their goodbyes to their users because Microsoft will be dropping support for Windows XP and Office 2003 in 2014. The Windows XP operating system has a large contribution to the large success that Microsoft had because of its user-friendly user interface and at the same time, having enormous features. through its concise environment, it has received a huge amount of fans and up to now, they were still on the said OS.
The drop of support for the Windows XP SP3 is not new and it’s not a shocking information anymore. as we all know, Microsoft already stopped their customer support for Windows XP SP2 way back in 2010.
But why will this happen? as stated in Microsoft’s terms in created in 2002, they made the Support Lifecycle Policy in which the Windows and Office products will get a 10-year customer support. The first 5 years will be called as the mainstream support and the last 5 years will be regarded as an extended support.
What does the drop of support mean? It means that Microsoft will no longer release any update in the operating system, thus making it more vulnerable to attacks and will have more security risks. When April 8, 2014 comes, there will no longer be free and paid assisted support available for Windows XP SP3.
What can we do?
This action that is being made by Microsoft is obviously to convince users that they should be upgrading their operating systems to the latest one they have. some users might have a bad time familiarizing the new system but it will be fine in just a few days. after all, they were still brothers under one mother.
Since the release of Windows 7, it already sold about 525 million copies around the world making its community of users grow larger day by day. By this news, more people will be obliged to upgrade if they don’t want to take any risks. Additionally, it is said that the new Windows 8 will have backward compatibility too. But regarding that rumor, we will be seeing that after Windows 8’s official release.
As more updated operating systems have been invented and released to the public the popularity of Windows XP has not gone down. this operating system has managed to keep its core base of users and fans by pioneering innovative features and tricks that many others since have copied as the basis for their more updated operating systems. if one walks into an office it’s likely that more than one of the computers in the office will still be using Windows XP, business version, if the office has not yet upgraded to a more recent form of windows. Many Windows users feel no need to upgrade from Windows XP, because it already meets both their personal and business needs and may very well have exceeded their expectations.
In addition to Windows XP’s already easy to user operating system, there are some tips and tricks that will allow you to do things with Windows XP that before have never been so easy with another operating system. For example using Windows XP command prompt an individual can actually see if another computer is pirating and using the paid individual’s wireless internet. this is only one of the wonderful hidden features included in Windows XP that an individual can use.
In order to access this feature in Windows XP press your start button and click on “run” then in the menu box it opens write the letters “cmd” and press okay. these letters stand for “command” and typing them into the run menu will open up your “command prompt” which is a simple black window with white letters. this window allows you to enter commands that you wouldn’t normally be able to find on the regular menu. Type “net view” into the box. unless you’re using an obscure internet provider this will bring up a list of all the people using your internet connection at the time. this allows you to see if you have anyone on your connection that you don’t want to be there as excess users can slow down an internet connection and interrupt your own connections.
the command prompt doesn’t only let you see other people but yourself as well. You can use the command prompt to see your own IP address and DNS configuration which is perfect for troubleshooting your own internet connection if you’re having any problems. to do this simply open your command prompt and type in “ip config” into the black window.
You can also use the command prompt to make hidden windows visible to you. sometimes Windows XP will have files hidden by default or maybe you’ve purchased your computer from an individual seller rather than the company. In order to make hidden files visible to you open up the command prompt using the run button and type in “attrib-” this allows you to change the attributes of any file including the hidden files by extension making the hidden files visible to you.
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